Canaanite Copper-Alloy Statuette of a God

$1,856.02

A copper-alloy Canaanite simplified human figure, composed of a thin rectangular bar with a human head and arms. The stylised face is expressive, composed of two large indented circular eyes, a sculpted nose and mouth, and lug ears projecting from either side of the head. The arm on the left is raised to the mouth, while the other gestures forwards.  Bronze statuettes of idols and worshippers, such as this fine example, would have been placed in graves, temples or private shrines for devotion. Due to the nature of his arm placement and the conical-shaped forehead, we can ascertain that this figure represents the god Ba’al.

This piece is accompanied with a custom made stand.

Date: 2nd Millenium BC
Provenance: Collection of a deceased London gentleman, before 1988.
Condition: Fine. Surface is heavily patinated, with earthly encrustation.

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The Canaanites were ancient people who inhabited the land of Canaan, modern day Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. Bronze statuettes would have been cast in the shape of idols, worshippers or deities and used as votive pieces in tombs and shrines. Ba’al has a rich history and was worshipped amongst many cultures across the Western Asiatic. Translated to mean ‘owner’ or ‘lord’, the term was used as a title from the third millennium, referencing a deity in particular. It was associated with the god Hadad, another storm and fertility god, as Baʿal Haddu. By the first millenium the two gods were distinct and separate in their worship, with Ba’al increasing in importance. Eventually he replaced El as the chief deity of the Canaanite pantheon.

Weight 103.9 g
Dimensions L 13.2 x W 3.3 cm
Culture

Metal

Region

Reference: For similar: The Metropolitan Museum, New York, item 32.18.5

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