Byzantine Columbarium Ceramic Tomb Plaque

$623.13

A Byantine baked ceramic architectural piece, most likely a stele, decorated in relief. The rectangular stele features a stylised geometric pattern, with two menorah-like motifs placed at the top and bottom. A large cross, with almond-shaped terminals, intersects the pyramidal knob at the centre, splitting the decorative elements into quarters. The pattern is enclosed by a thick raised linear border. The reverse remains undecorated.

Date: Circa 5th - 6th century AD
Condition: Very fine. Some abrasions to the edges and relief pattern consistant with age.

In stock

Such architectural fittings have been found abundantly in Spain, marking the burial sites of individuals. The plaque would sit within a niche, covering the remains of the deceased within a communal tomb. The communal complex was known as a columbarium, for its similarity in style to a dovecote. The term comes from ‘columba’, meaning dove in Latin. The decorative elements of such plaques varied, from geometric motifs, to Christian and Jewish emblems. Columbaria existed for both the Christian and Jewish communities, who preferred to bury their deceased in contrast to the pagan practise of cremation. Christian symbols often seen include the christogram, xp, the first two letters of Christ’s name in Greek, as well as the letters A and Ω, alpha and omega. These emblems stand for the personal redemption of the deceased, the triumph over death. Jewish symbols seen differed slightly in that they represented national redemption. As we see here, the menorah, which was a common emblem, was an implements of the destroyed temple. Its inclusion on this plaque alluded to the hope that the temple would someday be restored.

To discover more about Byzantine Christianity, please visit our relevant blog post: The Byzantine Empire, Art and Christianity.

Weight 5300 g
Dimensions W 26 x H 39.5 cm
Culture

Pottery and Porcelain

Region

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