Ancient Roman Cast Glass Unguentarium


An ancient Roman, cast glass bottle, probably used to contain ointments (unguent), medicine, cosmetics or perfume. It features a short conical body with convex sides, a long thick cylindrical neck and a wide, out-sprayed flat rim. The vessel is almost completely covered with a mixture of brown, cream and sand encrustation giving a granite like appearance. The heavy texture of the glass is typical of cast glass vessels, especially those found in Romano-Egypt.

Date: Circa 1st - 2nd century AD
Provenance: Collection of a London gentleman formed between 1970-1990s.
Condition: Very fine; some signs of ageing and encrustation on the surface.

In stock

SKU: XJ-02 Category:

Ancient glass making stretches from 1500 BC to AD 500, beginning initially in Mesopotamia. Glass objects made in early periods were predominately found in Mesopotamia and Egypt. In ancient Egypt, artistry was already highly refined during New Kingdom- King Tutankhamun’s gold mask itself was inlaid with coloured glass beads. Glass was considered a luxury product and reserved for use by the elites. However, with the advent of glass blowing invented in ancient Sidonian Phoenicia and applied widely in Roman glass production during the Augustan period, glassware became affordable and widely used by ordinary Romans. Bottles, household containers, and tableware in a variety of shapes, sizes and colour were now readily available.

Made up from a majority of silica, different coloured glass can be achieved through the addition of metal and minerals. For instance, cobalt-based compounds yields blue glass; copper alloys yield green glass; calcium antimonate produces an opaque white colour and lead antimonate gives an opaque yellow colour. The most commonly found blue-green hue is a result of the presence of iron oxide impurities in the sand used in the production of natural Roman glass. The exquisite iridescence on archaeological glass is a result of the chemical weathering of its surface by slightly acidic water presented in the soil in which it is buried. This serendipitous embellishment attests to the life story of the object.

To find out more about Roman glass, please see our relevant blog post: Ancient Roman Glass and Collecting Roman Glass.

Weight 83.4 g
Dimensions W 4 x H 6.8 cm



Reference: For a similar item, The Metropolitan Museum, item 81.10.124.

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