Egyptian Faience Janiform Amulet of Ra-Horakhty & Pataikos


An unusual Egyptian janiform amulet made of turquoise faience, depicting the two gods Pataikos and Ra-Horakhty. To one side, Pataikos’ squat form is depicted, with short legs and arms at his waist. He is displayed frontally and nude, his large male member visible between his legs. A large suspension loop rests upon his bald head. To the other side, the god Ra-Horakhty has been depicted as a falcon- headed figure wearing a sun disk. His tripartite wig covers his head. similarly displayed as Pataikos, ra appears frontally and nude, hands resting at his waist. One would assume this is the front portion of the amulet, with the suspension loop at the reverse and hidden by the large sun-disk. The whole amulet rests on a small rectangular platform.

Date: Circa 664–30 BC
Period: Late Period - Ptolemaic Period
Condition: Excellent. A large amulet, finely detailed.


SKU: AH-769 Category: Tags: ,

Like most Egyptian amulets, janiform pieces were worn to pass on the apotropaic properties of the gods depicted to their wearers.

The dwarf god Pataikos was believed to have been a protection deity. He was considered the son of the craftsman’s god, Ptah, and his name is presumed to originate from discussions by Herodotus. Pataikos essentially means ‘little Ptah’. Pataikos is associated with violent forces; Egyptian artwork depicts him walking over snakes and crocodiles, or grasping them in his hands, in some instances he has a scarab beetle on the top of his head. His protective and fierce qualities were believed to ward off evils that may result in injuries, illnesses or misfortune. He is also often associated and depicted with the dwarf god Bes, appearing together on amulets.

The Egyptian god Ra was an important deity in the Egyptian pantheon. Primarily he was a sun god, hence the sun-disk iconography represented here. As his importance grew he was associated with all aspects of the created world; the sun, the sky and the Earth. Portrayed as a falcon-headed god, he bore similarities with Horus. As time progressed the two gods were combined, to form Ra-Horakhty. it is has been suggested that this is more of a title, to portray the similarities between the two gods. The phrase translates as “Ra [who is] Horus of the Horizons”.

To find out more about Ancient Egyptian amulets please see our relevant blog post: Egyptian Amulets and their Meanings: Ancient Egyptian Gods.

Weight 13.6 g
Dimensions W 2.8 x H 6.1 cm


Egyptian Mythology




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