The Celtiberians occupied the central-eastern Iberian Peninsula during the final centuries BC, and are mentioned by several classical authors, though no formal definition of the group is provided. They displayed similarities with, but also significant differences from, the Celts of central Europe, such as those of La Tène culture. Metalwork stands out in Celtiberian archaeological finds, however the majority of these are objects pertaining to warfare, such as horse trappings and prestige weapons.
Brooches were a necessary accessory across the ancient world, being used to secure the garments of both men and women. A man would typically secure his dress or cloak using a pin, whilst a lady would more likely use a pin brooch. Brooches differ in their decoration and intricacy depending on the wealth of the original owner, and the period in which they were made. Some later brooches are made from silver or gold and clad with stones, whilst others are plainer and made from cast bronze. Brooches could also be enamelled to add colour and vibrancy to the wearer’s clothes.