A Roman knee-headed fibula made from gilded silver. The brooch displays a fan shape top plate with coiled pin spring below, as well as a knee-shaped head with terminal points to the edge and top of the knee. The body widens to a central ridge with a beaded border; at the other end is a flat catch plate and raised terminal knop.
Date: 1st - 2nd Century AD Provenance: From a private Hampshire, UK, collection; acquired in the 1970s. Condition: Very fine condition with beautiful green patination on the surface.
In the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome, fibulae (or brooches) were originally used for fastening garments. They came in a variety of shapes, but all were based on the safety pin principle. The Etruscans were very fond of fibulae, some of which were very large and decorated with elaborate granulation and processions of animals in relief. Roman conquests spread the use of the fibula, which became the basis for more complicated brooches. By the Middle Ages, the Roman safety pin type of fibula had fallen into disuse.
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