During the Roman Empire Christianity was persecuted until the early 4th century AD, with the Great Persecution lasting between 303 and 311 AD. With the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, emperors Constantine and Licinius granted liberty of cult for all religions, including Christianity. However, it was only in 380 AD, with emperor Theodosius, that Christianity became the only official religion of the Empire. Crosses of this type would have been worn in everyday life but also buried with the deceased to seek salvation in the afterlife.
Late Roman-Byzantine Bronze Cross Pendant with Circular Finials
A fine Late Roman-Byzantine bronze cross pendant. The cross has been composed of four identical arms, each one emerging from a central circle, and terminating with a large circular disc. Inside each disc is a central circle. There is a suspension loop on the top of the pendant. The reverse remains flat and unworked. The entire piece is covered in beautiful brown patination.
Condition: Fine condition, surface has some earthly encrustations on it.