As in many ancient societies, jewellery was an important social marker used to demonstrate wealth. During the Roman Republic it became customary for all the senators, chief magistrates, and at last for the equites also, to wear gold rings. This tradition among the elite continued into the Imperial era, during which jewellery designs became far more elaborate. Roman mythology was used as a repertoire of subjects to enrich and adorn necklaces, pins, rings and earrings. Diana was the Roman goddess of the hunt (known as Artemis in the Greek pantheon) and is often depicted alongside animals such as stags or hunting dogs. She is also associated with the moon, fertility, and childbirth.
To find out more about intaglios, please visit our relevant blog post: Engraved Gemstones in Ancient Rome.