Egyptian Green Hardstone Scaraboid Amulet
An Egyptian scaraboid amulet, made from a mottled green and white hardstone, possibly serpentine. It features an oval shape, left plain to the obverse with no markings that usually distinguish the scarab. To the reverse there is an incised hunting scene, with a large lion leaping to strike an antelope. The composition encompasses the whole of the surface and is surrounded by a thin incised frame. The style of the hieroglyphs is similar to scarabs from the Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period. Scarab is pierced longitudinally for suspension.
Circa 2055 – 1550 BCPeriod:
Middle Kingdom – Second Intermediate PeriodProvenance:
Ex private MN collection, London, acquired 2000s.Condition:
This particular scarab bears resemblance to those carved by Canaanite craftsmen during Egypt’s Hyksos period. The Hyksos period, during the late Middle Kingdom, was a period of foreign rule by a succession of Asiatic chieftains, hailing from the Levant. Craftsmen followed on the tradition of using scarabs as protection amulets however their style and motifs were different. Hieroglyphs were used simply for the apotropaic properties, rather than specific meaning. Scarabs such as these, with wild animals depicted, were common during this period. Wild animals were meant to be feared and respected and indicated the successful dominance over chaos.
To find out more about Ancient Egyptian amulets please see our relevant blog post: Egyptian Amulets and their Meanings.