Egyptian Hardstone Scarab Dedicated to Ra
A hardstone Egyptian scarab with incised hieroglyphs to the reverse. The moulded obverse is detailed, with particular attention paid to the clypeus, head and protruding notched legs. Incised indentations mark the humeral callosities. The scarab is decorated to the reverse with hieroglyphs of incused sun-disk and Horus falcon holding a flail, with ‘neb’ hieroglyph below. The sign group reads: ‘Lord Ra-Horakhty’, an invocation to ‘Ra (who is) Horus of the Horizons’. The scarab is pierced longitudinally for suspension (now blocked).
Circa 1070 - 332 BCPeriod:
Third Intermediate Period - Late PeriodProvenance:
From an early 20th century Home Counties, UK, collectionCondition:
Very fine condition. Some chips to the rim.
The falcon hieroglyph most likely represents the god Horus. Horus was depicted as two deities; Horus the Elder and Horus the Younger. Horus the Elder was considered the god of the sky and the son of Geb, Earth and Nut, Sky. As a god, he was associated with both the sun and the moon. Horus the Younger was the son of Osiris and Isis, he too was associated with the sky, sun and the moon. He was the protector of Egypt’s royalty and defender of order, uniter of the two lands (lower and upper Egypt). Over time, both Horus deities were merged with Ra, the sun god, and represented as a falcon headed man bearing the sun disk and the crown of upper and lower Egypt.
To find out more about Ancient Egyptian amulets please see our relevant blog post: Egyptian Amulets and their Meanings.