Both Hathor and Bastet were goddesses closely associated with each other. As daughters of Ra they were both connected to solar imagery. In particular they were associated with the divine aspect, the ‘Eye of Ra’, a feminine division of the solar deity. As an extension of Ra’s power, the Eye had multiple attributes. It was seen as procreative, a life force, aggressive and protective. The Eye was thus linked to multiple goddesses who also retained such attributes, from primary Egyptian pantheon figures like Hathor to minor goddesses. In particular, many of the goddesses linked to the Eye took felid form, Bastet and Sekhmet for example. Due to their connection to the Eye it was not unusual to see juxtaposed goddesses represented together and taking on each other’s attributes. Whilst Hathor and Bastet were linked for their connection to the Eye, Bastet did also feature a more malevolent nature to contrast with Hathor’s more gentle mannerisms.
To find out more about Ancient Egyptian amulets please see our relevant blog post: Egyptian Amulets and their Meanings.