A steatite Egyptian scarab beetle amulet with incised features such as clypeus, prothorax and elytra marked by single lines. The reverse features an incised depiction of a seated god, holding a sceptre. The figure is distinguishable as the god Ra-Horakhty, who is depicted as a falcon-headed god wearing a solar crown. The hieroglyphic sign behind Ra-Horakhty is the ‘nfr’ sign, which translates as ‘good’ or ‘perfect’.
The amulet is pierced longitudinally for suspension.
Date: Circa 1550 - 1070 BC Period: New Kingdom Period Provenance: From the Gustave Mustaki collection, a collector of antiquities who amassed a large collection in Alexandria (Egypt). Condition: Excellent. With clearly defined hieroglyphs.
Ra-Horakhty was a culmination of two deities, Ra who was merged with the god Horus (or Horakhty, a sunrise-oriented aspect of Horus) and especially important from the Middle Kingdom onwards. His name translates as ‘Ra, who is Horus of the Two Horizons’ and refers to the sun’s journey from each horizon. It symbolises Ra’s role as a deity of hope and rebirth, a message entirely fitting for a scarab worn as a protection amulet.
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