Egyptian Steatite Scarab Dedicated to Thutmose III

$414.19

A steatite Egyptian scarab beetle amulet with incised features such as clypeus, prothorax and elytra marked by single lines. The reverse features incised hieroglyphs and a prominent oval cartouche, dedicating this scarab to the pharaoh, Thutmose III. The hieroglyphs to the top include the signs ‘ntr nfr’ to the right, with the basket symbol and three horizontal strokes transliterating as ‘nb t ȝwy’. Together the two phrases translate as ‘Perfect god, Lord of the Two Lands’.

Within the centre of the scarab is the prominent oval cartouche, depicted horizontally and includes the hieroglyphs for the prenomen of Thutmose III, transliterating as Men-Kheper-Re.

The third register of hieroglyphs includes transliterates as ‘htp’, meaning ‘satisfied’ and ‘mᴈʹ’, translating as truth or truly. Thus the whole translation would be Truly Satisfied/Is pleased.

The amulet is pierced longitudinally for suspension.

Date: Circa 1479 - 1070 BC
Period: New Kingdom Period
Provenance: From the Gustave Mustaki collection, a collector of antiquities who amassed a large collection in Alexandria (Egypt).
Condition: Excellent. With clearly defined hieroglyphs.

SOLD

SKU: AH-850 Category: Tags: ,

Thutmosis III meaning “Thoth is born” was a New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, pharaoh from 1479-1425 BC, ascending the throne at 2 years old, he was co-regent with his aunt, Hatsheput, for the first 22 years of his reign. Following many successful military campaigns, Thutmosis III expanded the Egyptian empire to its largest extent, conquering land in Syria and Nubia. Thutmosis III’s reign also saw some significant developments in the arts including new forms in monument and sculpture.

Not all scarabs bearing a royal name are contemporaneous to the ruling pharaoh. Some kings were held in particularly high regard, and thus their name appears on scarabs hundreds of years after their reign. Thutmosis III of Dynasty XVIII was particularly honoured in this way, with his praenomen, Men-Kheper-Re, used on scarabs for a period of circa 1000 years. Men-Kheper-Re translates as ‘Established by the image of Re’.

To find out more about Ancient Egyptian amulets please see our relevant blog post: Egyptian Amulets and their Meanings.

Weight 2.16 g
Dimensions L 1.7 cm
Country

Culture

Egyptian Pharaohs

Region

Stone

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