Egyptian Steatite Scarab to Hyksos Prince

£ 995.00

A steatite Egyptian scarab decorated to the reverse with hieroglyphs. The front features a detailed head and clypeus. The elytra remains plain, with indentations at the side to indicate the separation between prothorack and elytra. The reverse features a detailed scene of inscribed hieroglyphs, assigning this particular scarab to Apeq, a Hyksos prince. The hieroglyphs transliterate as ‘sw smsw ‘pḳ’ and translates as: ‘The king’s eldest son, Apeq’. The amulet is pierced longitudinally for suspension.

Date: Circa 1650 - 1550 BC
Period: Second Intermediate Period, 15th Dynasty, Hyksos Period
Provenance: Ex private London based collection, AH, formerly in English family collections acquired from the 1920s - 1990s.
Condition: Very fine.


SKU: AH-915 Category: Tags: ,

The term Hyksos refers largely to the foreign rulers who occupied Upper and Middle Egypt during the 15th Dynasty. The term is a bastardisation of an earlier Greek title Ὑκουσσώς (Hykoussôs). The complete list of Hyksos kings and their lineage is uncertain. Not considered legitimate rulers of Egypt, they are often omitted from King lists. Names of Hyksos kings are known from the Turin King list, a hieratic papyrus from the reign of Ramesses II, the records of the historian Manetho and countless scarab seals. The name of this Hyksos prince is attributed to various scarab seals, rather than being mentioned on a particular king list.

To find out more about Ancient Egyptian amulets please see our relevant blog post: Egyptian Amulets and their Meanings.

Weight 3.25 g
Dimensions L 1.9 x W 1.2 cm



Reference: For Similar: The British Museum, London, item EA3926

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