The cobra and the Ureaus were associated with the goddess, Wadjet – the protective deity of Lower Egypt. A powerful figure, Wadjet accounted for one half of the euphemistic ‘Two Ladies’ title of the Pharaoh and accordingly acted as a symbol for divine rule, sovereignty, and absolute authority. The bird represented on this scarab, most likely a vulture, represents the other goddess associated with the royal ‘Two Ladies’ title, the goddess Nekhbet, who was known as the protectress of Upper Egypt. These two goddesses were powerful figures amongst the Egyptian pantheon and retain their own authority. They were responsible for a united Egyptian, bringing peace and prosperity to both lands.
To find out more about Ancient Egyptian amulets please see our relevant blog post: Egyptian Amulets and their Meanings.