Egyptian Steatite Scarab with a Vulture and Uraeus
A steatite Egyptian scarab beetle amulet with incised features such as clypeus, prothorax and elytra marked by single lines. The reverse is detailed with various hieroglyphs, including a clearly defined bird, most likely a vulture, to the centre and a rearing cobra, a Ureaus. Behind the bird are additional inscribed signs, but these are less defined. The amulet is pierced longitudinally for suspension.
Date: Circa 1550-1070 BC Period: New Kingdom Period Provenance: From the Gustave Mustaki collection, a collector of antiquities who amassed a large collection in Alexandria (Egypt). Condition: Fine, clear precise hieroglyphs.
The cobra and the Ureaus were associated with the goddess, Wadjet – the protective deity of Lower Egypt. A powerful figure, Wadjet accounted for one half of the euphemistic ‘Two Ladies’ title of the Pharaoh and accordingly acted as a symbol for divine rule, sovereignty, and absolute authority. The bird represented on this scarab, most likely a vulture, represents the other goddess associated with the royal ‘Two Ladies’ title, the goddess Nekhbet, who was known as the protectress of Upper Egypt. These two goddesses were powerful figures amongst the Egyptian pantheon and retain their own authority. They were responsible for a united Egyptian, bringing peace and prosperity to both lands.
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