A steatite Egyptian scarab beetle amulet with incisedfeatures such as clypeus, prothorax and elytra marked by single lines. The reverse features various incised hieroglyphs, however these have been crudely rendered, making them nearly impossible to distinguish. Two clearer signs include the water jar hieroglyph (ḥs, hes) and a round sun-disk (r’, ra/re). The water jar translating as praise, whilst the sun-disk represented Ra. Thus, the scarab could be a dedication to the sun god Ra.
The scarab is pierced longitudinally for suspension.
Date: Circa 1550 - 1070 BC Period: New Kingdom Period Provenance: From the Gustave Mustaki collection, a collector of antiquities who amassed a large collection in Alexandria (Egypt). Condition: Fine condition.
The ancient Egyptians believed the Scarabeus Beetle was able to regenerate itself spontaneously from cow dung, which these beetles could be observed rolling into small balls and burying. Consequently, the scarab came to symbolise a spontaneous continuation of the life cycle. The Egyptians regarded the scarab as an embodiment of the creator god, who was accordingly self-engendered.
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