A steatite Egyptian scarab beetle amulet with incised features such as clypeus, prothorax and elytra marked by single lines. The reverse features incised decoration, including a seated figure wearing the double crown of Egypt, known as Pschent. The figure is identifiable as a pharaoh. Beside him is a further small hieroglyph, identified as a water pot, which would translate as ‘praise’. A further figure stands behind the seated pharaoh, holding a sceptre. The representation is a little unclear, however it most likely represents the deity Ra, who is most often depicted with the sun-disc and uraeus on his head.
The scarab is pierced longitudinally for suspension.
Date: Circa 1550 - 1070 BC Period: New Kingdom Period Provenance: From the Gustave Mustaki collection, a collector of antiquities who amassed a large collection in Alexandria (Egypt). Condition: Excellent condition. With very fine and clearly defined hieroglyphs.
Ra was the Ancient Egyptian god of the sun. He was believed to rule the sky, the earth and the underworld. He was often depicted as a man with a falcon head or with a sun-disk and curling uraeus. The sun disk was believed to be his body, or his eye. Ra had a close connection to the ruling pharaoh and it was believed that the deity was the father of all pharaohs.
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