Not all scarabs bearing a royal name are contemporaneous to the ruling pharaoh. Some kings were held in particularly high regard, and thus their name appears on scarabs hundreds of years after their reign. Thutmosis III of Dynasty XVIII was particularly honoured in this way, with his praenomen, Men-Kheper-Re, used on scarabs for a period of circa 1000 years. Men-Kheper-Re translates as ‘Established by the image of Re’. The seated hieroglyph also included is a determinative, meaning ‘King’. This sign was commonly used in the 18th Dynasty, which correlates to the reign of Thutmosis III.
Egyptian Steatite Scarab with Throne Name of Thutmosis III
A intricate ancient Egyptian white steatite scarab bearing the royal cartouche of Thutmosis III and a seated male figure. The syllabic hieroglyphs of the cartouche read as Men-Kheper- Re, the throne name of Thutmosis III. The seated figure is identified as male and wears a uraeus on his forehead. The scarab is pierced at each end to allow for suspension.
Period: New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
Provenance: Ex Mustaki Collection. The scarab comes from the Mustaki Collection. Mustaki was an avid collector in the early 20th century and his collection came to the UK under Egyptian licence in 1947. Many of his pieces are in major museums worldwide, including the British Museum, the Getty Museum and the Egyptian State Museum. This collection and this item has been catalogued by Carol Andrews (formerly Egyptian Department in the British Museum).
Condition: Very fine. Some natural encrustation.