A steatite Egyptian scarab beetle amulet with incised features such as clypeus, prothorax and elytra marked by single lines. The reverse is detailed with three large rearing cobras, uraei, sitting on a ‘neb’ basket sign. The amulet is pierced longitudinally for suspension.
Date: Circa 1550-1070 BC Period: New Kingdom Period Provenance: From the Gustave Mustaki collection, a collector of antiquities who amassed a large collection in Alexandria (Egypt). Condition: Fine, clear precise hieroglyphs.
The cobra and the Ureaus were associated with the goddess, Wadjet – the protective deity of Lower Egypt. A powerful figure, Wadjet accounted for one half of the euphemistic ‘Two Ladies’ title of the Pharaoh (the other half being the vulture goddess Nekhbet), and accordingly acted as a symbol for divine rule, sovereignty, and absolute authority. As party of the pharaohs royal titular, the ‘Two Ladies’ title was represented with the uruaeus or vulture hieroglyph standing on a basket sign, a ‘neb’ hieroglyph. The uraeai inscribed upon this scarab could be calling on the goddess’ protection, as patron of Lower Egypt.
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