Egyptian Turquoise Faience Scarab Dedicated to Amun-Ra
A vivid turquoise faience scarab with incised features such as the clypeus, prothorax and elytra marked by single lines. The reverse is highly decorated and split into three horizontal registers. The top and bottom registers feature symmetrical sequences of hieroglyphs. The top features a central djed pillar, flanked by two ankhs and two ‘nfr’ signs on either side. The bottom register features a central ‘ḥs’ vase, meaning ‘praise’, flanked by another two djed pillars and ‘nfr’ signs. The middle register features a series of inscribed hieroglyphs which form the name of the god Amun-Re. The largest sign is the feather 𓆄, followed by the draughtboard sign𓏠,and the water ripple𓈖sign. These signs combine and transliterate as ‘a-mn-n’. Underneath is a sun disk to represent the god Ra. The amulet is pierced longitudinally for suspension.
Date: Circa 1550-1070 BC Period: New Kingdom Period Provenance: Ex private London based collection, AH, formerly in English family collections acquired from the 1920s - 1990s.on 1970-2010. Condition: Very fine. Professionally repaired.
The Egyptian god, Amun-Ra, was a highly important deity in the Egyptian pantheon. Originally, he was worshipped as two gods, the creator of the universe, Amun, and the sun-god, Ra. He gains national importance after the defeat of the Hyksos at Thebes in the 16th century and it is from this date we see a combination of the two gods. As his position grew, Amun-Ra’s worship was almost monotheistic in nature, with the other gods considered manifestations of him. So great was his influence that he was identified with the Greek god Zeus from the Ptolemaic period, to form Zeus Ammon. Alexander the Great claimed divine descent as the son of Amun. Scarabs such as this, asking for protection from a specific god were popular in the late New Kingdom Period and Third Intermediate Period.
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