Roman Terracotta Oil Lamp with Bird

£ 395.00

A small-sized Ancient Roman terracotta oil lamp with a rounded body leading to a volute-nozzle with an angular tip. The shoulder displays an inward sloping with 2 reels bordering the discuss. The decorative discus depicts a bird, facing right with the anatomical features rendered naturalistically, sat upon an olive branch. One filling hole is located to the left below the branch. The reverse remains undecorated and features a slightly raised ring base. There is a small air hole on the nozzle top.

This oil lamp resembles Bailey Type A group iii

Date: Circa 1st century AD
Provenance: From a specialist collection of Roman oil lamps formed by Robertson Brockie (deceased), all acquired before 2008 from a central London ADA gallery; Southport Lancashire.
Condition: Fine condition, with signs of original burn marks and minor chips to the lamp.

In stock

SKU: LD-392 Category: Tags: , ,

Oil lamps were originally called ‘lychnus’, from the Greek ‘λυχνος’, with the oldest Roman lamps dating back to the 3rd century BC. Over time, the manufacture of lamps increased, and so did the variation in decoration, which depended mainly on the shape and size of the lamp. Many oil lamps were decorated with gods and goddesses depicted in animal forms, birds were associated with good luck. Loceschcke type I and Bailey type A lamps are characterised by the circular body and wide voluted nozzles, where many are without handles. These lamps were created during the early Augustan period to the late Flavian period and were first developed in Italy, becoming widely popular across the Roman Empire.

To discover more about oil lamps in Antiquity, please visit our relevant blog post: Lighting The Way.

Weight 49.8 g
Dimensions L 7.4 x W 5.4 cm


Pottery and Porcelain

Reference: For a similar Bailey Type A group iii style,The J. Paul Getty Museum, item 83.AQ.377.40 and for a similar discuss,The J. Paul Getty Museum, item 83.AQ.377.143

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