Ancient Roman North African Red Slipware Relief Plaque with Lion and Tree


A fragment of an Ancient Roman North African red slipware plaque depicting a lion and a tree. The relief, executed in the typical classical style, shows the side profile of a lion facing left, with its hind legs outstretched in a leaping position. Unfortunately, the head and forelegs are no longer visible due to the fragmentary condition. The anatomical features of the animal have been naturalistically rendered, including the fur across its body. A lush tree, with large leaves and bearing fruit, is depicted to the rear of the lion. The reverse of the piece remains unworked.

Date: Circa 3rd-4th Century AD
Provenance: Ex Alison Barker, deceased collection, acquired in 1970.
Condition: Fine condition, wear with age.


SKU: CY-79 Category: Tags: , , ,

African Red Slipware is identified as the final development of terra sigillata, from the Latin, meaning ‘sealed earth’. Terra sigillata was a form of Roman red slipware pottery, which was developed around the mid-1st century BC, both for domestic use and export. These pieces were modelled on the lathe directly in the matrix, on which decorative motifs were hollowed out and then impressed on the smooth body of the vessel, appearing therefore in relief. Sometimes the decorative motifs in relief would have been applied to the vessel by using very thin, liquid clay. One of the most important centres of production was the Italian city of Arretium (modern day Arezzo). However, terra sigillata wares were produced also in Gaul and later in North Africa and Asia Minor, where the Italian prototypes were initially imitated, then evolved into new shapes, creating unique and distinctive styles. Terra sigillata vessels were often decorated in accordance with traditional Greco-Roman tastes, presenting images of classical mythology, hunting scenes and divine figures.

Weight 140.6 g
Dimensions L 12.7 x W 5.9 x H 2.1 cm


Pottery and Porcelain

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