The vessel has a strap handle on each side of the wide flared mouth and extends from the rim to the shoulders. The inside of the mouth and the upper body have been coated in a cream-coloured wash on top of which have been painted “hand” and geometric patterns in a darker fired-on mineral-based pigment. The area below the mid wavy line is undecorated. It is relatively highly-fired.
Date: Circa 2100 - 2000 BC Period: Gansu-Yangshao Period Condition: Very fine condition; an insignificant surface chip to the underside of the rim; the base more pitted and uneven; base almost worn through (a few small holes where it has actually worn through) since such vessels were designed to be set in the ground (hence no decoration around the lowest portion of the body). This area is stable.
The first ceramics produced in China around ten or eleven thousand years ago were wares designed for use and this early role for basic pottery has never diminished. However in neolithic times thin-walled, painted, and burnished earthenwares, some of intricate shapes were being used as ritual vessels in various Neolithic cultures located along the Yellow and Yangtze river valleys.
This vessel dates to the Machang Phase (circa 2300 – 2000 BC.) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province.
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