Cypriot Red Burnished Ware Bottle
A fine Cypriot red burnished bottle decorated with incised geometric motifs accentuated with white pigment. The vessel features a globular body with a rounded base, which rises and tapers into an elongated cylindrical neck. A large outsplayed mouth is displayed at the top, ending with a flat everted rim. The neck is enriched with an alternating pattern of incised chequered squares and vertical chevron. The main register, presented across the shoulder of the body, is decorated with three striped lozenges. Both the neck and body motifs are bordered by horizontal undulating lines that band the vessel. Earthly encrustation to the surface, some traces of firing can be seen across the bottle.
The stand is for reference only.
Circa 2300 - 1650 BCProvenance:
Acquired in the 1990s. From the deceased estate of a North Yorkshire private collector, UK. Ex Den of Antiquity, Cambridgeshire, UK Condition:
Good Condition, minor repair and restoration along with some flaking to the body as is usual to this class of pottery.
Red Burnished Ware is a type of pottery of the Cypriot Bronze Age; it was introduced as part of the Philia culture, a phase characterised by changes to the economy, technology and society of Cyprus. Products of this culture are distinct from the previous Chalcolithic period, with the transition between the two marked by population movement and local development and a change in artistic and pottery style.
Ceramics of this type were handmade and painted with red or red-brown slips and burnished to create a smooth luster surface. Patterns and decorations were incised with a sharp cutting tool before being fired and contained a range of geometric, zoomorphic and ritualistic designs. Often, vessels of this type featured black rims and interiors, which was the result of specific and well-controlled firing techniques. On this vase in particular, the black mottled surface is a result of the firing technique.