A terracotta jug with a globular body and a single handle. The body is painted with groups of angled lines in red ochre from the rim to the middle of the base: this decoration survives well and covers most of the vessel. The vessel stands on a slightly flattened base.
Date: Circa 3100-2900 B.C. Period: Early Bronze Age Condition: Complete and intact except for a minor surface dig; with minor accretions.
The Holy Land was the first region to enter the Bronze Age, which began with the rise of the Mesopotamian civilization of Sumer in the mid-4th millennium BC. The Bronze Age period covered an entire millennium. One of the most important discoveries about the period is the link between the Early Bonze Age and the First Dynasty of Egypt, which was based on the presence of Canaanite vessels among the funerary offerings in the royal tombs of the First Dynasty. These vessels have become one of the cornerstones in the chronology of the Near East in the Early Bronze period. Numerous other types of vessels are known from this area.
The painted lines would have been applied by hand using a red slip, with this particular method of decoration pointing to the culture of Southern Palestine.
Reference: Cf page 49; Ancient Pottery of the Holy Land: Ruth Amiran
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