Urartu was an Iron Age kingdom situated between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and the Caucasus mountains, in what was later to be known as the Armenian Highlands. The kingdom was centred around Lake Van and corresponds to the biblical Kingdom of Ararat. Urartu refers predominantly to the region, whilst the term “kingdom of Urartu” is used for the Iron Age state that developed in that region. The Urartu language is known to us from cuneiform inscriptions and was similar to the language spoken by the Hurrians.
Magnificent Pre-Urartian Pottery Jar
A very large pre-Urartian pottery jar of deep rounded form with a small lip. The body has been divided into narrow vertical bands and decorated with lozenges filled with undulating bands, chevrons and other motifs, including representations of a horned animal which could be described as an ibex. The Ibex was seen as an apotropaic symbol, one of vitatlity and fertility. Lozenges also decorate the shoulder and along the rim. The jar features a large central ibex.
Provenance: Private North London collection, acquired from Southeby's London Auction, 14th December 1990.
Condition: Fine condition. The piece has been excellently and professionally repaired from several large fragments.