The Sumer city of Uruk was one of the most important cities in ancient Mesopotamia. The city is situated on the east of the present bed of Euphrates river. The city played a leading role in the early urbanisation of Sumer in the mid-4th millennium BC.
Alabaster was well-known and widely used in the ancient world, especially in Egypt and Mesopotamia. “Gypsum alabaster” was used to craft small sculptures, vessels dedicated to the cult of a deity, and for artefacts.