Sumer is the site of the earliest known civilization, located in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The first civilisation in Sumer was that of the Ubaidians – they actively practised agriculture; developed trade; and established industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery. The Sumerians are notable for a number of reasons; they created the oldest known writing system, known as cuneiform, the wheel, early mathematics, law and literature, and were some of the first brewers of beer.
Sumerian Terracotta Vessel
A Sumerian vessel moulded from terracotta featuring a piriform body tapering in at the neck leading to a thick rim. The piece sits upon a concave base and has two handles applied from the shoulder to the rim. An incised geometric design features across the body including alternating diagonal lines forming a chevron pattern. Two protruding knobs are visible on the shoulder, each pierced. The handles rise up to create a pointed tip and are decorated with an incised circle with a central dot.
Provenance: From the private collection of the late Mr S.M., London, UK, 1969-1999, thence by descent.
Condition: Fine condition, chip to the point of one of the handles.