Cuneiform was one of the earliest forms of writing, developed in the ancient lands of Mesopotamia. The Middle Babylonian period in Mesopotamia is also known as the Kassite period, dated from circa 1595 - 1155 BC. After the Hittite Empire sacked the city of Babylon, the land was gradually overrun by the Kassites, a non-Babylonian ruling class.
The Kassite Dynasty was a Western Asiatic ruling elite who are thought to have originated from the Zagros Mountains, ruling Babylon from 1595 and 1155 BC. Whilst they were a non-Babylonian class, they assimilated the Babylonian culture into their own, respecting the people’s culture and heritage. The Kassite period of rule is still largely undocumented however, with sources scarce and the majority having been discovered in Nippur. What is known however is that a period of peace and security provided the perfect conditions for culture and society to flourish.