A major milestone in human evolution and spanning over the past 2.6 million years, stone tools cover the vast majority of the history of the technological developments achieved by the genus Homo. They present the earliest form of material culture, offering important evidence about the life of our ancestors. Stone tools are normally classified into industries, with the dominant lithic technologies transitioning from Mode 1 to 5 in an approximate chronological order. Clactonian tools, named after the site of Clacton-on-Sea in Essex, refer to an industry of European flint tools. First classified as “proto-Mousterian” (Mode 3), then as part of the Auchelean industry (Mode 2), the recognition of the Clactonian as an independent industry has been the topic of extensive archaeological debate. Based on the initial classification proposed by Breuil, the Clactonian was described as a flake industry with three developmental stages, comprising a rich variety of core and flake tools.
Clactonian Flint Scraper
A Clactonian scraper skilfully crafted from flint. The original stone was modelled into a bifacial scraper, featuring a rectangular shape with a point on one corner. The deliberately detached sections on the body and edges reveal the natural light brown striations of the stone. The old collection number and site of finding are written in black ink on the surface. As revealed from the note, this particular tool was recovered at the British site of Twydall.
Period: Lower Paleolithic
Provenance: From the ex J. Edwin Jarvis collection, 1970s.
Condition: Fine condition.