A major milestone in human evolution and spanning over the past 2.6 million years, stone tools cover the vast majority of the history of the technological developments achieved by the genus Homo. They present the earliest form of material culture, offering important evidence about the life of our ancestors. Stone tools are normally classified into industries, with the dominant lithic technologies transitioning from Mode 1 to 5 in an approximate chronological order. The Levallois technique refers to a distinctive and sophisticated stone knapping process part of the Mousterian industry (Mode 3), first found in the Lower Palaeolithic, but most commonly associated with the Neanderthals and Homo sapiens. Named after the finding site of Levallois-Perret in France, the technique involved the striking of intended lithic flakes from a core, which would present a characteristic plano-convex profile with sharpened edges.
Levalloisian Flint Point
A fine flint point featuring the distinctive convex profile of the Levallois technique. Relatively small in size, this tool would have been chipped off from a lithic core, as part of a sophisticated lithic reduction method. The original core would have been trimmed around the edges and around the outline of the intended lithic flake to create a domed shape, then hit to separate the flake. The piece presents minor signs of refinement around the edges, executed in antiquity to sharpen the tool. The old collection number is written in black ink to one side; as the note reveals, this stone tool was recovered in the Kentish site of Twydall.
Period: Middle Paleolithic
Provenance: From the ex J. Edwin Jarvis collection, 1970s.
Condition: Excellent condition.