Shaped like an epsilon, the Greek letter ε, crescentic flat axes had a wide distribution in the Near East, where they first appear in Mesopotamia in the middle of the third millennium BC. Such types of axes evolved from a simple crescent-shaped blade which was hafted into a wooden shaft, and curved to fit the back of the blade. However, the structure was inadequate and therefore, only effective against weakly armoured enemies. A more efficient form evolved with a central tang and recurved ends which became a popular feature.
Mesopotamian Bronze Crescentic Axe Head
A Mesopotamian cast bronze crescentic flat axe head with three rear projections. The upper and lower projections are pierced in the centre with a single hole for a rivet. The inner edges of the curves have raised ridges for strengthening. There are chips to the cutting edge and some patination to the surface.
Provenance: From a collection of arms and armour, Cologne, Germany 1990-2005.
Condition: Very fine condition