Egyptian Blue Beaded Mummy Mask with Funerary Face, Four Sons of Horus and Winged Scarab

$964.06

A fine Egyptian mummy mask made of small faience beads, restrung in their original arrangement. Yellow, black, and red tones have been used to render a stylised human face with a neutral expression. The large trapezoid eyes, long thin eyebrows, broad nose and small mouth are arranged in a symmetrical manner. The mask is enriched by a tripartite panel under the chin of the mask, which shows a beaded composition forming a winged scarab, rendered in blue faience beads. Under the beaded scarab are the Four Sons of Horus; Imsety, Duamutef, Hapi, Qebehsenuef. It is very rare to have this enlarged group rather than just the face. Elongated faience beads in turquoise, frame the entire composition. Such masks would have been placed over the face of the deceased at their burial, mostly for decorative or protective purposes.

Date: Circa 664-332 BC
Period: Late Dynastic Period
Condition: Extremely fine, restrung.

In stock

SKU: XJ-22 Category: Tags: , ,

Masks of this type rose to popularity in the Late Period of Ancient Egypt. They likely had both a decorative and symbolic role, as the burial of the dead in Ancient Egypt was an elaborate and ritualised process. Their un-naturalistic style and the similarities between beaded mummy masks in general make it unlikely that they were modelled after the face of  the deceased individual, but more likely been generic images of a dead human face as the absence of expression and the blue-greenish skin complexion could indicate. Winged scarabs were usually modelled in faience and placed as pectoral embellishment on the chest of the mummy. In this case, the scarabs, symbol of rebirth and regeneration,  has been sewed together with the mummy mask. According to mythology, the Four Sons of Horus each were attributed a different organ to protect. For Imesty, the liver; for Duamutef, the stomach;  for Hapi, the lungs; and for Qebehsenuef, the intestines. As the heart was believed to be the resting place of the soul, it was not removed from the deceased. The brain, on the other hand, was thought to be inconsequential, so was scrambled to liquid, removed with metal hooks and then discarded. The four protected organs were removed from the body, embalmed, and then stored in their corresponding jar.

Weight 38.8 g
Dimensions L 21.5 x W 10.5 cm
Culture

Egyptian Mythology

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Faience

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Region

Reference: For a similar item, Bonhams Auction House, London, Antiquities, 28th April 2010, lot 85

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